Subversion command cheat sheet

Subversion command summary cheat sheet:

Command Description
svn --help List Subversion commands
svn help commandAlso: ? or h Help on given “command
svn add filenamesvn add directory Add a file or directory to Subversion CM control.Must also perform:

svn ci filename

(or svn commit)
to upload the file or directory. File will not be available in the
repository until a “commit” is performed. If adding a directory, the
directory and all of its contents recursively are added. i.e.:
svn ci directory
svn commit directory

svn commit .

svn blame filenamesvn blame -r RevisionNumber filenameAlso: praise, annotate, ann Show file contents with revisions annotated with author information.
svn cat filename List contents of file under Subversion control.
svn checkout http://node-name/repos/svn/trunk/parentPath/pathThis creates:path/file1path/file2
svn checkout http://node-name/repos/svn/trunk/parentPath .

This creates:



Note the difference a “.” makes.

svn checkout file:///repos/svn/trunk/path/

svn co -r 497 http://node-name/repos/svn/trunk/path file-name

Also: svn co https://..., svn://..., and svn+ssh://

MS/Windows: svn co file:///c:/repository/project/trunk

Checkout every file from the path and subdirectories specified below. Creates “working” copy of files and directories.Checkout a repository.Use option “-r” to specify a specific revision other than the latest.The URL “svn://” communicates with an SVN server (port 3690)The URL “http://” comunicates with the Apache server and module mod_dav_svn (port 80) [more common server]
svn cleanup Cleanup subversion files resulting from escaped processes and crashed.
svn commit filenamesvn commit –message “Message goes here.” filenamesvn commit -m “Message goes here.” filenamesvn ci filename1 filename2 filename3

svn ci .

Check-in (commit) local “working” file,
files or directory and contents (recursively) into Subversion
repository. Atomic, i.e. all committed or none, no incomplete check-in.
svn copy source destination_cloneAlso: svn cp ... Copy file or directory tree. One can copy
from one local working copy to another or to repository server URL’s.
The sources and destinations can be working copies or URLs.

svn copy http://host/repos/project/trunk http://host/repos/project/tags/TagName-1.4.5 -m "Tag Release 1.4.5"
Tag a release. Takes a snapshot of the repository and assigns a name. This can be performed at any directory branch.
svn copy . http://host/repos/project/tags/TagName-1.4.5 -m "Tag Release 1.4.5" Tag a release. Takes a snapshot of your local working copy and assigns a name. This can be performed at any directory branch.
svn delete filenamesvn delete directoryAlso: del, remove or rmsvn rm http://host/repos/project/trunk/file-or-directory Delete file from repository. The UNIX command rm file-name. Must perform a “commit” to update the repository and local working directory with the changes. i.e.:svn commit .
svn diff filenamesvn di filename Show file diffs between SVN repository and your file changes using GNU file diff format. Use GUI diff tools as shown below.
svn diff -r rev1:rev2 filename Show file diffs between specified versions.Example: svn diff -r 456:459 subfn.cppUsing GUI diff tool: svn diff -r 457:459 --diff-cmd kdiff3 file-name
svn diff filename > patch-file Generate patch file used by the patch command.
svn export directory Export directory tree to your file system but it will not be a “working directory” under SVN control.
svn export -r Rev-Number http://node-name/path Export directory tree of specified version and create local directory tree and files not under SVN control.
svn import local-directory http://node/repos/svn/trunk/directory Add directory (and files in it recursively) to path in repository specified.
svn info filename Display information about file or directory. (Date modified, author, revision, path in repository.)Can not specify a URL.
svn list directorysvn list file-name List file or directory of files in repository. Used to browse repository before checkout. If current directory is given (svn list ./), then Subversion will list the repository URL of the current directory.
svn list -r RevisionNumber directory List directory of files in repository in specified revision.
svn lock filename -m "comment as to why its locked or by whom"(Comment is not required but is often useful) Lock file to grant exclusive access to one and forbid all others. A commit will unlock the file (unless the “–no-unlock” option is used). A lock can be removed with the commands: svn unlock filename, svnlook and the svnadmin comands (i.e. List: svnadmin lslocks and remove: svnadmin rmlocks filename).
svn log filenamesvn log .svn log http://URL/path/filesvn log -v .

svn log -r RevisionNumber http://URL/path/file

Show the Subversion log messages for a set of revision(s) and/or file(s) and/or all directory contents in repository.List verbose. Includes list of all files in changeShows the file changes associated with revision number.
svn merge http://url/path/branch1 http://url/path/branch2 working-local-dirsvn merge file1@revJ file2@revKsvn merge -r 414:411 http://url/path working-dirsvn merge -r 413:HEAD file-name Merge directory changes into your current
working directory or merge a file in Subversion into the file in your
working directory. If target is not specified, the identical basename
or current directory is assumed. Used to incorporate changes checked in
which are not accounted for in your file or to merge branches.Example using GUI merge tool:svn diff -r 459:454 --diff-cmd kdiff3 --extensions '-m' file-nameNext, tell subversion that the conflicts have been resolved:

svn resolve file-name

Finally, check-in file: svn ci file-name

or abort changes: svn revert file-name

svn merge --dry-run -r 414:413 http://url/path Test merge. No changes are made to your local working copy but shows Subversion feedback as if merge was performed.
svn merge -r 414:413 http://url/pathsvn merge -r 414:413 . Undo changes committed in revision 414.
svn mkdir directorysvn mkdir http://URL/directory Create a new directory under version control.
svn move directory1 directory2svn mv directory1 directory2svn mv file-old-name file-new-name Rename or move a file or directory. Moves/renames file/directory in repository and in local work area.Must perform svn ci file-new-name after the move for changes to to take place in repository.
svn revert filename Undo changes in local work files. Throw away local changes.
svn resolved filename Run this command after resolving merge conflicts. Next “commit” your changes.
svn statussvn status -usvn status -u .svn status -uq . Show status of file changes in current directory and recursively in directories below.Show out of date file info: svn status --show-updates(equivalent: svn status -u)-u: Determines status by comparing your local repository with the server
repository. Without this option, the status shown will only be the changes
you have made in your local repository.-q: Quiet. Do not print “?: File/directory not under version control” or “!: File/directory missing” extraneous information.

First collumn:

  • A: File to be added
  • C: Conflicting changes
  • D: File to be deleted
  • G: File to be merged with updates from server
  • M: File has been modified
  • R: File to be replaced
  • G: File to be merged
  • X: Resource is external to repository (svn:externals)
  • ?: File/directory not under version control
  • !: File/directory missing
  • ~: Versioned item obstructed by some item of a different kind.

Second collumn: Modification of properties

    • ‘ ‘ no modifications. Working copy is up to date.
    • ‘C’ Conflicted
    • ‘M’ Modified
    • ‘*’ Local file different than repository. A newer revision exists on the server. Update will result in merge or possible conflict.

Third collumn: Locks

    • ‘ ‘ not locked
    • ‘L’ locked
    • ‘S’ switched to a branch
svn switch http://server/new-branchsvn switch –relocate http://server/old-path http://server/new-path Switch your local working copy to mirror a
new repository branch instead of main trunk or previous branch. Also
allows you to point your repository to a new path on the server if the
server path changes since you performed a check-out.
svn updatesvn update filenamesvn update -r458 filenamesvn update –ignore-externals ./ Migrate all updates from Subversion
repository to your local copy (recusively for all files in the current
directory and all below it). If there have been updates to the svn
repository since you downloaded the files, subversion will give you the
opportunity to merge. Status of files will use the coding as stated
above for “status”. Files marked with a “C” (conflict) should be merged
of reverted. If merged then one can perform a “resolve” and then a
“check-in”.If a file name is specified, only that file is updated.Can also syncronize to a specified revision given by -r.Use –ignore-externals to avoid the slow processing of externals to a potentially slow distant internet server.

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